First Underwater Cultural Heritage Unit for the management and protection of underwater cultural assets launched

Minister for Justice, Culture and Local Government Owen Bonnici announced the launch of the first
Underwater Cultural Heritage Unit within Heritage Malta which will see to the managing and
protection of underwater cultural assets.
“Thanks to this initiative, we will see to the setting up of underwater archaeological parks which will
bring a number of benefits, primarily the safeguarding of our country’s unequalled and precious
underwater cultural resource. This is in line with local heritage legislation as well as with international
conventions,” said Minister Bonnici.
“Moreover, the creation of new accessible sites by divers and through virtual reality, we will give
added value to the diving tourism package offered by the Maltese Islands. It is envisaged that the
Maltese Islands will become a market leader in the field of deep-water wreck diving. The Unit will
also be undertaking an outreach campaign aimed at informing the public about the importance of its
underwater cultural heritage as part of enhancing our cultural strategy to ensure in making this sector
more accessible,” Minister Bonnici continued.
For a number of years, systematic underwater archaeological research has been conducted off the
coasts of Malta and Gozo. In the course of this long-term project some very important deposits of
underwater cultural heritage have been discovered, mapped and studied. Such sites vary from a 2,700-
year-old Phoenician shipwreck, the oldest in the central Mediterranean, to dozens of aircraft crash
sites, and from early modern shipwrecks to battleships from World War I. A significant number of
nations and cultures – both past and present – are represented on the seabed off the Maltese Islands.
This variety makes Malta the curator for a uniquely well-preserved cultural resource that is global
and that belongs to all humankind.
Recognising this responsibility, the Government of Malta, through the Ministry of Justice, Culture
and Local Government, has built the platform for the management, protection and valorisation of
underwater assets. It has done so by creating the first Underwater Cultural Heritage Unit (UCHU)
within Heritage Malta; the national agency for the management of Malta’s cultural heritage
collections, sites and museums.
The UCHU has, in collaboration with the Superintendence of Cultural Heritage, is been tasked with
identifying a number of underwater sites so that these may be accessed by divers in a controlled and managed manner. It is envisaged that approximately 10 historic sites will be open this year and
Heritage Malta will strive to open between 3 and 5 new sites in 2020 and 2021. Shipwreck access
will be managed via an online booking system administered by Heritage Malta.
In order to manage Malta’s underwater cultural heritage, local dive schools, boats and clubs will be
obliged to register online with Heritage Malta. The agency will be monitoring historic shipwrecks
through regular spot checks to ensure the protection of such underwater cultural sites.